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Jammu and Kashmir Health Profile

 

HEALTH INDICATORS OF JAMMU & KASHMIR

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 2.3. The Infant Mortality Rate is 51 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is NA (SRS 2004 - 2006). The Sex Ratio in the State is 892 (as compared to 933 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Table I: Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Jammu & Kashmir State as compared to India figures 

S. No.

Item

J&K

India

1

Total population (Census 2001) (in million)

10.14

1028.61

2

Decadal Growth (Census 2001) (%)

31.42

21.54

3

Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2007)

19.0

23.1

4

Crude Death Rate (SRS 2007)

5.8

7.4

5

Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2007)

2.3

2.7

6

Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2007)

51

55

7

Maternal Mortality Ratio (SRS 2004 - 2006)

NA

254

8

Sex Ratio (Census 2001)

892

933

9

Population below Poverty line (%)

3.48

26.10

10

Schedule Caste population (in million)

0.77

166.64

11

Schedule Tribe population (in million)

1.11

84.33

12

Female Literacy Rate (Census 2001) (%)

43.0

53.7

Table II: Health Infrastructure of Jammu & Kashmir 

Particulars

Required

In position

shortfall

Sub-centre

1666

1907

-

Primary Health Centre

271

375

-

Community Health Centre

67

85

-

Multipurpose worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs

2282

1794

488

Health Worker (Male) MPW(M) at Sub Centres

1907

-

-

Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs

375

27

348

Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs

375

89

286

Doctor at PHCs

375

451

-

Obstetricians & Gynaecologists at CHCs

85

28

57

Physicians at CHCs

85

44

41

Paediatricians at CHCs

85

17

68

Total specialists at CHCs

340

135

205

Radiographers

85

59

26

Pharmacist

460

557

-

Laboratory Technicians

460

396

64

Nurse/Midwife

970

403

567

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2008, M/O Health & F.W., GOI) 

The other Health Institution in the State are detailed as under: 

            Health Institution

Number

Medical College

4

District Hospitals

22

Referral Hospitals

 

City Family Welfare Centre

 

Rural Dispensaries

 

Ayurvedic Hospitals

2

Ayurvedic Dispensaries

273

Unani Hospitals

2

Unani Dispensaries

235

Homeopathic Hospitals

-

Homeopathic Dispensary

-

AVERAGE RURAL AREA AND AVERAGE RADIAL DISTANCE COVERED BY A PRIMARY HEALTH INSTITUTIONS.

Health Institutions

Average Rural Area (sq.Km) covered by a Health Intuitions

Average Radial Distance ( Kms) covered by a Health Institutions

 

J&K

All India

J&K

All India

Sub Centre

117.21

21.47

6.111

2.61

Primary Health Centre

591.67

139.40

13.72

6.66

Community Health Centre

2766.07

770.90

29.67

15.66

 

J&K SPECIFIC CONSTRAINTS  

Low density of population

Difficult Terrain- problem of accessibility

Poor Road Connectivity

Limited presence  of Private Sector/NGOs

Private sector largely owned/operated by in-service doctors/specialists

 

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INDIAN GOVERNMENT       |   J&K GOVERNMENT       |   MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FW    |    NRHM INDIA    |   NRHM J&K     |    AIIMS     |    PGI CHANDIGARH         |   WHO    |    CENTRAL DRUG STANDARD CONTROL ORGANIZATION     |    GMC JAMMU

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